Dahshur is 64 km south of Cairo, near Memphis. Its two Old Kingdom pyramids were built by 4th Dynasty king Sneferu, father of Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza. The Bent Pyramid is Egypt's first proper pyramid; earlier pyramids were built as step pyramids (see Saqqara). In the thirtieth year of his reign, Sneferu began constructing the northern Red Pyramid. The Red Pyramid can be entered, but no photography is allowed inside.
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Last modified 3 March 2010